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Cryptocurrency In Islamic View Pdf

(PDF) The requirements of cryptocurrency for money, an Islamic view
(PDF) The requirements of cryptocurrency for money, an Islamic view from www.researchgate.net

Understanding Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency has been a hot topic in the financial world for several years now. It is a digital or virtual form of currency that uses cryptography for security. Unlike traditional currencies issued by governments, cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized systems called blockchain. Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was introduced in 2009. Since then, numerous other cryptocurrencies have emerged, each with its own features and potential benefits.

The Rise of Cryptocurrency

The popularity of cryptocurrencies has skyrocketed in recent years, with millions of people investing in them. Cryptocurrencies offer various advantages, such as fast and inexpensive transactions, lower fees compared to traditional banking systems, and the potential for high returns on investment. However, as with any investment, there are also risks involved, including market volatility and potential for fraud.

Cryptocurrency and Islamic Finance

In Islamic finance, the principles of Shariah law govern financial transactions. These principles emphasize fairness, transparency, and avoiding practices that involve uncertainty or speculation. As a result, some Muslims have expressed concerns about whether investing in cryptocurrencies complies with Islamic principles. Scholars and experts have debated the issue, providing various perspectives on the matter.

The Debate

One of the main concerns regarding cryptocurrencies in Islamic finance is their speculative nature. Some scholars argue that cryptocurrencies involve excessive uncertainty and speculation, making them incompatible with Shariah principles. They believe that cryptocurrency transactions resemble gambling and involve elements of riba (usury) and gharar (uncertainty).

On the other hand, proponents of cryptocurrency argue that it can be considered a legitimate form of currency as long as it meets certain criteria. They highlight the transparency and security provided by blockchain technology, which aligns with Islamic finance principles. They also argue that cryptocurrencies can be used for halal (permissible) transactions and can promote financial inclusion, especially in underserved communities.

Islamic View on Cryptocurrency

Islamic scholars and organizations have varied opinions on cryptocurrency. Some have issued fatwas (religious rulings) stating that cryptocurrencies are not compliant with Islamic principles. These scholars argue that cryptocurrencies lack intrinsic value and that their value is solely based on market demand, which can lead to price volatility and speculation.

However, other scholars have taken a more permissive stance, stating that cryptocurrencies can be considered permissible if certain conditions are met. These conditions include ensuring that transactions are transparent, avoiding involvement in illegal activities, and adhering to other Islamic finance principles such as avoiding riba and gharar.


The question of whether cryptocurrency is permissible in Islamic finance remains a topic of debate. While some scholars argue against its use due to its speculative nature, others believe that cryptocurrencies can be compatible with Islamic principles if certain conditions are met. As the cryptocurrency market continues to evolve, it is important for Muslims interested in investing in cryptocurrencies to seek guidance from knowledgeable scholars and experts to ensure compliance with Islamic finance principles.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as financial or investment advice. Individuals should conduct their own research and consult with professionals before making any investment decisions.

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