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Cryptocurrency Cannot Be Said To Be A Sharia Instrument

‘Real Crypto’ cannot be frozen in Canadian protests The Coin Republic
‘Real Crypto’ cannot be frozen in Canadian protests The Coin Republic from www.thecoinrepublic.com


In recent years, the rise of cryptocurrencies has sparked debates and discussions among scholars and experts regarding their compatibility with Islamic principles. While some argue that cryptocurrencies align with Sharia law, others believe that they violate its fundamental principles. This article aims to explore the reasons why cryptocurrency cannot be considered a Sharia instrument in the year 2023.

The Lack of Tangibility

One of the key principles in Islamic finance is the requirement for assets to have physical existence. Cryptocurrencies, being digital in nature, lack this tangibility. Sharia experts argue that money should have intrinsic value, which is absent in cryptocurrencies.

Speculation and Uncertainty

Another reason why cryptocurrencies cannot be considered Sharia-compliant is the speculative nature of their market. Islam prohibits any form of gambling or speculation where there is uncertainty and a high risk of loss. Cryptocurrencies are known for their extreme volatility, making them highly speculative and uncertain investments.

Lack of Regulation and Transparency

Sharia law emphasizes the importance of transparency and fairness in financial transactions. However, the cryptocurrency market operates in a decentralized manner with minimal regulations. This lack of oversight raises concerns about potential fraud, market manipulation, and money laundering, making it incompatible with Sharia principles.

Interest-Based Transactions

Islamic finance strictly prohibits any form of interest-based transactions, known as riba. However, cryptocurrencies often involve interest-based lending and borrowing through platforms like decentralized finance (DeFi). These practices go against the principles of Sharia, further undermining the claim that cryptocurrencies are Sharia-compliant.

Lack of Central Authority

Sharia finance requires a central authority to oversee and regulate financial transactions to ensure fairness and compliance. Cryptocurrencies, being decentralized, operate without any central authority or regulatory body. This absence of oversight contradicts the principles of Sharia, which emphasize the importance of a central authority in financial matters.

Legal Uncertainty

The legal status of cryptocurrencies varies from country to country, adding to the uncertainty surrounding their compliance with Sharia law. Since Islamic finance requires clear legal standing and regulation, the ambiguity surrounding cryptocurrencies makes it difficult to classify them as Sharia-compliant instruments.

Association with Illicit Activities

There have been numerous instances of cryptocurrencies being associated with illicit activities such as money laundering, terrorist financing, and drug trafficking. Sharia law strictly prohibits involvement in any form of unethical or illegal activities, further casting doubt on the compatibility of cryptocurrencies with Islamic principles.

Gamble on Future Value

Investing in cryptocurrencies often involves speculation on their future value, which is akin to gambling. Islam prohibits any form of gambling or games of chance, as they create inequality and harm society. Therefore, the speculative nature of cryptocurrencies contradicts the principles of Sharia and disqualifies them as Sharia-compliant instruments.

Lack of Stability

Islamic finance promotes stability and discourages excessive risk-taking. However, cryptocurrencies are highly volatile, experiencing frequent price fluctuations that can result in significant gains or losses. This lack of stability and the potential for substantial financial losses make cryptocurrencies incompatible with the principles of Sharia.


In conclusion, cryptocurrency cannot be said to be a Sharia instrument. The lack of tangibility, speculative nature, lack of regulation and transparency, interest-based transactions, absence of a central authority, legal uncertainty, association with illicit activities, gamble on future value, and lack of stability all contribute to their incompatibility with Islamic principles. As the debate continues, it is crucial to consider the fundamental principles of Sharia when evaluating the compatibility of cryptocurrencies with Islamic finance.

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